What is the Relation Between COPD and Smoking?

COPD and Smoking
Being exposed to lung irritants such as tobacco, polluted air, chemical fumes at work places can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder or



and smoking

alone accounts for 80% to 90% of people suffering from COPD. The damage to the lungs and airways is not usually reversible and it keeps getting worse with time if proper care is not taken. Learn more about

COPD and smoking

, the reasons why smoking can be damaging to the lungs, and how to diagnose COPD.

The Relation Between COPD and Smoking

  • The lung irritants present in smoke, such as, soot and tar, cause inflammation in the airways resulting in the production of mucus and thus productive cough. In the long run, these irritants cause the walls of the airways to thicken (fibrosis), become inflexible and narrow. This situation is known as chronic bronchitis and it severely limits the amount of air that can be breathed.
  • The accumulation of tar in the lungs because of heavy smoking destructs the walls of alveoli and thus decreasing their capability to process oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood. This will result in more carbon dioxide being stuck in the body while the oxygen that you breathe does not enter the blood.
  • The elasticity of the lungs is severely decreased because of smoking making it difficult for the lung to hold its shape and causing the airways to collapse. This will again cause difficulty in breathing in and out, trapping the air that is present inside the lungs.

Almost all long-term smokers are at some point in their lives are bound to have health problems related to lungs, heart and even cancers of pancreas and trachea.

COPD and smoking

are two things that go hand in hand. Timely intervention and making a few lifestyle changes for better health are important to decrease the risks of these problems.

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